Good packing is essential for a good move.
If you choose to do some or all of your own packing in preparation for your relocation, it's especially important that you be familiar with the techniques that will best protect your possessions. These are some of the methods professional packers use every day.
If your shipment includes delicate china, crystal, family heirlooms, or other items that need special attention, give us a call to discuss professional packing services. We'll be glad to explain costs, materials and unpacking services available at your new home.
You can depend on us for knowledge and experience in helping you prepare for your move. We will answer any questions and work closely with you to make your relocation as effortless as possible.
Before you begin...
- CONSIDER YOUR PACKING RESPONSIBILITIES
- PLAN AHEAD
- GATHER TOGETHER EVERYTHING YOU'LL NEED
- NOT RECOMMENDED FOR MOVING VAN
- LOSS AND DAMAGE PROTECTION
- READY, SET, PACK!
- HOW TO PACK
- A WORD ABOUT SPECIAL HOUSEHOLD ITEMS
CONSIDER YOUR PACKING RESPONSIBILITIES
If you decide to do the packing yourself, you automatically assume a major portion of the responsibility for your moves success – including having everything properly packed and ready for loading when the van arrives. All packing must be completed by the evening before moving day. Only the things you'll need that night and the next morning should be left for last-minute packing.
In addition, your packing will be expected to meet specific standards. This mean complying with the principles of good packing as outlined in this booklet, as well as following the suggestions for items that should not be included in your shipment.
Prior to loading the van, moving company personnel will inspect the cartons you have packed. If it is their opinion that items are improperly packed or cartons are susceptible to damage, the company may refuse to load the cartons until the questionable items are repacked by the moving company or removed from the shipment. There is, of course, a charge for any packing services performed by a moving company.
Normally, packers from a moving company can complete packing for an average move on the day before goods are loaded on the van. “Packing-it-yourselfers” should allow more time – several weeks, if possible. Since it's unlikely you'll be able to drop everything to devote an entire day to packing, plan to work at it between your other pre-move activities.
Preparing a convenient place to work and keeping your packing materials in one location are important in completely the packing job by moving day. If there's a spare room available, consider making it your packing headquarters.
A large table covered with a heavy blanket, quilt or mattress pad makes a good, firm work surface. Is it helpful to have a second covered table nearby for soon-to-be-packed items.
GATHER TOGETHER EVERYTHING YOU'LL NEED
- Various sizes of sturdy cartons with flaps that can be closed completely.
- White paper, tissue paper, paper towels or newsprint (unprinted newspaper cut into 20” x 30” sheets) – good for all-purpose wrapping and cushioning.
- Newspapers for cushioning or use as outer wrapping only.
Note: No matter how old the newspaper, the ink always rubs off and even can become embedded in fine china if used for wrapping. When using newspaper, wash your hands frequently to prevent leaving ink smudges on items you handle. Although ink smudges can be washed off some items, it's better not to take a chance.
- Gummed tape for sealing packed cartons.
- Scissors and/or sharp knife.
- Felt-tip marker for labeling cartons.
- Notebook and pen or pencil for listing contents of cartons as they are packed.
- Labels or stickers.
You may purchase cartons (including those for special uses, such as for dishes, mattresses and clothing), unprinted newsprint, tissue paper, bubble pack and tape from the moving company at a nominal charge. There is a charge for delivery to your home.
NOT RECOMMENDED FOR MOVING VAN
It's best to make other arrangements for the transfer of certain negotiable items or articles of extraordinary value – or, take them with you. If you decide to include such items in your shipment, be sure to list them on the High-Value Inventory form that will be provided by us.
- Deeds, wills or other such valuable papers
- Documents pertaining to the move
- Family photographs
- Stamp or coin collections
- Valuable jewelry
To guard against damage that can be caused by combustion, leakage or explosion, dispose of these items:
- Aerosol cans
- Chemicals, such as those for darkrooms
- Chemistry sets
- Cleaning fluids
- Cologne and perfume
- Fertilizers with ammonium nitrate
- Fire extinguishers
- Flammable goods
- Food in glass jars
- Frozen or refrigerated food
- Furniture polish
- Lighter fluid
- Nail polish remover
- Oil-based paints
- Starter fuel
- Tanks of compressed gas, such as for gas grills or diving
Note: Empty scuba tanks with the valve removed may be transported.
If it is absolutely essential to pack a liquid, such as a medical prescription, the lid or cap should be fastened tightly and taped shut. The container then should be placed in a tightly sealed plastic bag.
Do not pack heat-sensitive items if your shipment will be transported during the summer. This includes decorative candles, computer disks, videotapes, DVDs, CDs, records, and cassettes.
During hot weather, consider these options for heat-sensitive items: taking them with you as you travel to your new destination, selling or giving them away before moving, or sending them by air freight to reduce transit time.
LOSS AND DAMAGE PROTECTION
You may choose from United's Full-Value Coverage or Released Rate Liability. The option you select determines United's maximum amount of liability to you. Valuation is not insurance; it is a tariff level of motor carrier liability. How much protection you have an its cost to you depend on the option you choose.
If articles are lost or damage while in United's care and under Full-Value Coverage, United will choose either to have your goods repaired or replaced, or award a cash settlement for the current market replacement value of goods, regardless of their age.
Full-value and deductible options are available in increments to fit your needs at very attractive rates. The minimum total declared value under the Full-Value Coverage program must equal the weight of your shipment multiplied by $6.
Released Rate Liability
This no-additional cost plan provides the minimum tariff level of carrier liability for your shipment. Loss or damage claims will be repaired or settled based on the pound weight of the damaged or lost item multiplied by 60 cents.
You must select the valuation option and write your choice on the Bill of Lading in your own handwriting. For a complete description of the valuation programs, or if you have any questions about valuation coverage, please give us a call at (800) 434-0157.
READY, SET, PACK!
Good packing means...
- Limiting cartons, when possible, to a maximum weight of 50 pounds to make handling easier.
- Wrapping items carefully.
- Providing plenty of cushioning to absorb shock.
- Using sturdy cartons that close.
- Making sure cartons are firmly packed and do not rattle, bulge outward or bend inward.
- Not mixing items from different rooms in the same carton, when possible.
Checklist of the Basics...
- Start with out-of-season items. Next, pack things used infrequently. Leave until last the things you'll need until moving day.
- Empty drawers of breakables, spillables, items not recommended for inclusion in your shipment and anything that would puncture or damage other items. However, blankets, sweaters, lingerie, bath towels and similar soft, lightweight goods may be left in drawers.
- Pack similar items together. Do not pack a delicate china figurine in the same carton with cast-iron frying pans, for example.
- Keep all parts or pairs of things together. For example, curtain rod hangers, mirror bolts and other small hardware items should be placed in plastic or cloth bags (which can be purchased from the moving company) and taped or tied securely to the article to which they belong.
- Wind electrical cords, fastening them so they do not tangle.
- Wrap items individually in clean paper; use tissue paper, paper towels or even facial tissue for fine china, crystal and delicate items. Colored wrapping draws attention to very small things. Use a double layer of newspaper for a good outer wrapping.
- Place a two- or three-inch layer of crushed paper in the bottom of a carton for cushioning.
- Build up in layers, with heaviest things on the bottom, medium weight next and lightest on top.
- As each layer is completed, fill in empty spaces firmly with crushed paper and add more crushed paper to make a level base for the next layer, or use sheets or cardboard cut from cartons as dividers.
- Cushion well with crushed paper; towels and lightweight blankets also may be used for padding and cushioning. The more fragile the item, the more cushioning needed. Be sure no sharp points, edges or rims are left uncovered.
- Pack small, fragile, individually wrapped items separately or a few together in small boxes, cushioning with crushed or shredded paper.
- Place small boxes in a single large box, filling in spaces with crushed paper.
- Avoid overloading cartons, but strive for a firm pack that will prevent items from shifting; the cover should close easily without force, but should not bend inward.
- Seal cartons tightly with tape except for those containing items listed on United's High-Value Inventory form. These must be left open for the van operator's inspection.
- As you finish with each carton, list the contents on the side of the carton (for easy viewing while cartons are stacked) and in a special notebook. You might want to number and/or code the cartons as well.
- Indicate your name and the room to which each carton should be delivered at destination. Tape a sign on the door of each room at destination corresponding to the carton labels so movers can get the cartons into the proper rooms quickly.
- Put a special mark on cartons you want to unpack first at destination.
For Moving Day...
You might find it helpful to reserve a carton for last-minute items to be packed on moving day. Include such necessities as:
- Facial and toilet tissue
The same carton can serve as an instant aid box for things you might need immediately upon arrival at your new home, such as:
- First-aid kit
- Instant coffee/tea
- Instant soup mixes
- Light bulbs
- Paper plates and cups
- Plastic eating utensils
- Plastic trash bags
- Powdered milk/creamer
- Screwdriver and hammer
- Small pan or electric coffee pot for heating water
HOW TO PACK
China, Glassware & Silverware
- Moving company packers use a dish pack – an exceptionally sturdy corrugated carton of double-wall construction – for china, glassware and other fragile items less than 18 inches in size. Unless cartons of similar strength and construction are available, you might want to purchase several dish packs from the moving company.
- Wrap all pieces of china and glassware individually in clear paper. Using several sheets of paper, start from the corner, wrapping diagonally and continuously tucking in overlapping edges. A double layer of newspaper serves well as an outer wrapping. A generous amount of paper padding and cushioning is required for all china and glassware. Label cartons “FRAGILE – THIS SIDE UP.”
Flat China & Glassware
- Larger china and glass plates, platters and other flat pieces are excellent as the lowest layer in a dish pack.
- Place cushioning material in the bottom of a carton. Wrap each piece individually then wrap up to three in a bundle with a double layer of newspaper. Place these bundled items in the carton in a row on edge.
- Surround each bundle with crushed paper, being careful to leave no unfilled spaces. Add two or three inches of crushed paper on top of the bundle to protect rims and make a level base for the next tier. Horizontal cardboard dividers can be helpful in keeping layers level.
- Smaller plates, saucers and shallow bowls can make up a second layer. Wrap and pack in the same way as larger items.
Bowls & Odd-Shaped Items
- Depending on their weight, these might be used either as the bottom or middle layers. Wrap the same way as flat plates.
- Stand shallow bowls (soup plates, etc.) on edge in the carton and deep ones (such as mixing bowls) nested two or three together, upside down on their rims.
- Wrap sugar bowl lids in tissue, turning them upside down on top of the bowl. Then, wrap both together in clean paper, followed by an outer double layer of newspaper. Wrap cream pitchers in clean paper and then a double outer wrapping. Place sugar bowls, cream pitchers, sauce containers and similar pieces upright in the carton. Complete the layer as for plates.
- Even when using a dish pack and mini-cells for china, wrap cups individually, protecting handles with an extra layer of paper. Then, pack cups upside down.
- If not using a dish pack or cells, wrap cups as previously described in a double layer of paper and place them upside down on rims in a row on an upper layer with all handles facing the same direction. Complete the layer as for plates.
- Because air causes silver to tarnish, all silver pieces should be enclosed completely in clean tissue paper or plastic wrap. Holloware – including bowls, tea sets and serving dishes – should be wrapped carefully as fragile items and packed like china.
- Loose flatware may be wrapped either individually or in sets, and in clear plastic or tissue.
- If silverware is in a chest, you still might want to wrap the pieces individually and reposition them in the chest. Or, fill in all empty spaces in the chest with tissue paper or paper towels. Wrap the chest with a large bath towel.
Figurines & Other Delicate Items
- Wrap first in tissue paper, paper towels or facial tissue. Then, wrap carefully in newsprint that has been crushed and flattened out. Be sure the items are well protected with plenty of cushioning.
- Small mirrors, plaques and pictures should be wrapped individually in tissue paper. A bath towel or small blanket makes an excellent outer wrapping and padding for glass. Place items on edge in a carton.
- Many moving companies use a material called bubble pack (plastic with bubbles) for exceptionally fragile items. If an item is extremely valuable as well as delicate, it might be wise to have it packed for you. Special materials might be needed for maximum protection.
- An arrangement of artificial flowers should be packed in its own carton. Wrap carefully in plastic wrap, tissue paper or paper towels. If possible, fasten the base of the floral piece to the bottom of the carton. Label the carton “FRAGILE – THIS SIDE UP.”
- For instructions on moving live plants, see Moving With House Plants.
- After removing the light bulb and lamp harp, wrap the base, harp and bulb separately in newsprint. (Use paper pads for large lamps.) Place them together in a carton, filling spaces with crushed paper. More than one well-cushioned lamp may be packed in a carton.
- Never wrap lamp shades in newspaper. Carefully wrap each shade in three or four sheets of tissue paper, a pillowcase or a large lightweight towel.
- To allow for movement, use a sturdy carton at least two inches larger all around than the largest shade. Line it with clean paper, using crushed paper under the lamp shade to create a protective layer, but not around the shade. A small shade can be nested inside a large one, if you are sure they will not touch. Only one silk shade should be placed in a carton to avoid stretching the silk.
- Do not pack other items with shades. Label cartons “LAMP SHADES – FRAGILE.”
- It is best to have the moving company crate large Tiffany-type or other glass lamp shades or chandeliers.
Glass Table Tops, Marble Slabs, Large Mirrors, Paintings, Statues & Large Vases
- All are easily damaged. Glass might shatter, and marble slabs can crack at veins. Paper never should be permitted to touch the surface of an oil painting.
- It's best to consult with us about custom-made cartons and crates for items of this kind.
- Pack them either flat or with the spine touching the bottom of the carton. Do not pack with spine facing up, as glue can break away from the binder. Pack books of the same general size together.
- Expensively bound volumes or those of special sentimental value should be individually wrapped before packing.
- Because books are heavy, be sure to use small cartons.
- Family photographs, videos, slides and negatives should be packed in separate cartons rather than being combined with other household items.
- Protect framed photos with padding and cushioning, standing them on edge in a carton. Label cartons clearly for easy identification.
- If possible, carry irreplaceable items with you to destination.
CDs, Tapes & Records
- Remove these items from the stereo or storage cabinet. Keep in mind records are heavy and should be packed in small cartons.
- If records are not in jackets, wrap individually in tissue paper or plastic wrap to protect them from being scratched.
- Stand CDs and records on edge, never flat, on a layer of crushed paper. Support at both ends with large, hard-cover books or several pieces of cardboard cut to fit. Top with another layer of crushed paper. Identify contents on the outside of the box and mark “FRAGILE”.
- Cassette tapes should be placed in the protective plastic box in which they came, if possible, and then wrapped individually in crumpled paper. Place individual tapes either vertically or horizontally on a couple of layers of crushed paper.
- Clothing left on hangers and placed in wardrobe cartons used by moving companies will arrive at destination wrinkle-free. You might want to purchase several of these special cartons from our supplies page. One will hold about two feet of compressed clothing on hangers.
- If wardrobe cartons are not used, each garment should be removed from its hanger, folded and placed in a suitcase or a carton lined with clean paper. Some lightweight clothing – such as lingerie and sweaters – may be left in bureau drawers.
- Hats may be left in hatboxes and placed in a large carton. Or, stuff the crown of each hat with crumpled tissue paper; wrap tissue loosely around the outside and place in a carton lined with clean paper, with the heavier hats on the bottom. Don't pack anything else with hats. Label the carton “FRAGILE”.
- Footwear may be left in shoe boxes and placed in a large carton. Or, wrap each shoe individually and then in pairs. Footwear should be cushioned to avoid damage to heels or ornaments. Don't pack heavy items on top of shoes.
- It is recommended that you take your furs with you rather than having them moved on the van.
Linens & Bedding
- Blankets, sheets, tablecloths, towels, pillowcases and other linens may be protected by a large plastic bag and packed in a carton that has been lined with clean paper.
- Wrap your most prized linens in tissue. Also, linens and bedding are good for cushioning or padding many types of items.
- Special mattress cartons in various sizes are available for a nominal charge. Pillows may be placed in bureau drawers or packed in cartons.
Draperies & Curtains
- Clothing wardrobes are ideal for moving curtains and draperies. Fold them lengthwise, place over a padded hanger, pin securely and hang in the wardrobe.
- Draperies and curtains also may be folded and packed in cartons lined with clean paper or plastic wrap.
- Leave rugs on the floor for the moving company to handle. If they've just been returned from the cleaners, leave them rolled.
- Pre-move preparation is required for many major appliances. Be sure to discuss this with your mover. See Moving Appliances & Other Home Furnishings.
- Items such as clocks, small radios and other small appliances should be wrapped individually and packed in a carton cushioned with crushed paper.
- Small clocks, transistor radios and similar items can be packed in the same carton with linens or as extra items with lamp bases. Make sure cords are wrapped so as not to scratch or otherwise damage items.
- Steam irons should be emptied of all water, wrapped and placed in the cushioned bottom of a box.
- Remove all batteries from small appliances before packing.
- Long-handled garden tools, as well as brooms and mops, should be bundled together securely. Attachments should be removed from power tools and packed separately.
- Hand tools may be left in tool boxes and the spaces filled with crushed paper, or they may be packed according to general packing rules. Always use small cartons because tools usually are heavy.
- Before moving day, dismantle children's swing sets, TV antennas and garden sheds. Gather pieces and bundle together with nylon cord. Place small hardware in a cloth bag and securely attach to corresponding equipment.
- Prepare lawn mower by draining gasoline prior to the day of loading.
- Take only food items you are sure will travel well. Do not take anything perishable. In the winter months, do not take anything subject to freezing.
- Open boxes of dried or powered foods such as rice, macaroni and cereals should be sealed with tape. Small containers of herbs and spices, condiments, bouillon cubes, gelatin, flavorings, etc. should be placed together in a small box before packing in a large carton. Cover holes of shaker-type containers and seal with tape.
- Since canned goods are heavy, the amount placed in one carton should be limited.
A WORD ABOUT SPECIAL HOUSEHOLD ITEMS
The popularity of home electronic items has added a new dimension for the do-it-yourself packer. Home computers, microwave ovens and home theatre systems require special care to ensure they arrive at destination safely.
If you saved the original cartons and packing materials in which these items arrived, it is best to repack using those materials. Should you not have these materials, you might want to contact a store selling your particular item and ask if discarded packing materials are available.
We are familiar with current techniques for properly packing electronic items and can assist you with advice or pack the items for you. It is your responsibility to disconnect electronic items prior to the packers' arrival.